Ultrasonic Flow Meter

Apure ultrasonic flow meter uses the principle of low voltage, multi-pulse time difference, using high-precision and super-stable double balance signal detection transmission, differential reception digital detection technology to measure the acoustic wave transmission time in the direction of downstream and counter-current, according to the time difference to calculate the flow rate. With a very simple installation, no pipe breaking, no water shutdown, so customers can easily achieve flexible pipeline flow measurement. The product can also be equipped with installation fixtures that provide reliable, drift-free measurements over time without routine maintenance. It adopts advanced digital correlation technology and intelligent adaptive acoustic technology, which makes its measurement stability more outstanding. At the same time, it uses acoustic focusing technology, so that the product in the continuous measurement of the signal receiving quality has been significantly enhanced.

What is ultrasonic flow meter?

An ultrasonic flow meter is a reasoning instrument that uses ultrasonic technology to measure the velocity of an acoustically conductive liquid passing through it. There are several types of ultrasonic flowmeter technology, including propagation velocity difference method (direct time difference method, time difference method, phase difference method and frequency difference method), beam shift method, Doppler method, mutual correlation method, spatial filtering method and noise method. In addition to inline and open channel models, ultrasonic meters are also available as an external clamping solution when contact with the fluid being measured is not possible.

How does ultrasonic flow meter work?

Ultrasonic waves carry information about the fluid flow rate as they travel through the flowing fluid. Therefore, the flow rate of the fluid can be detected by the received ultrasonic waves, which can be converted into flow rate. According to the detection method, can be divided into different types of ultrasonic flowmeter such as propagation velocity difference method, Doppler method, beam offset method, noise method and correlation method.

Ultrasonic flowmeter uses sound waves to determine the velocity of the fluid flowing in the pipe. Under no-flow conditions, the ultrasonic waves are transmitted into the pipe at the same frequency as their reflection in the fluid. Under flow conditions, the frequency of the reflected wave is different due to the Doppler effect. As the fluid moves faster, the frequency shift increases linearly. The transmitter processes the signal from the transmitted wave and its reflection to determine the flow rate.

The time difference ultrasonic flowmeter sends and receives ultrasonic waves between the transducer in the upstream and downstream directions in the pipe. Under no-flow conditions, the upstream and downstream times are the same between the transducers. Under flow conditions, the upstream wave will travel slower and take more time than the (faster) downstream wave. As the fluid moves faster, the difference between upstream and downstream times increases. The transmitter processes the upstream and downstream times to determine the flow rate.

Advantages and disadvantages

The technology is very accurate and can be used for trade delivery of natural gas and petroleum fluids (meaning accurate calculation of expensive fluids). High range ratio (can be read as a percentage of full range or top reading), can handle high pressures, repeatable (consistent), can handle temperature extremes, can be clamped to the outside of the pipeline for use without penetration, low maintenance, highly reliable and self-diagnostic. Disadvantages may include high cost, sensitivity to stray process vibrations, problems with pipe diameter changes due to buildup, and lower accuracy of the clamping device.

Ultrasonic flowmeters do not impede flow and can therefore be applied to sanitary, corrosive and abrasive fluids. Some ultrasonic flowmeters use a clamp-on sensor that can be mounted outside the pipe and does not have any wetted parts. Portable ultrasonic flowmeters with clip-on sensors can be used for temporary flow measurements. Clip-on sensors are particularly useful when the pipeline is not disturbed, such as in power and nuclear industry applications. In addition, clip-on sensors can be used to measure flow without regard to materials of construction, corrosion and wear. However attractive, the use of clip-on sensors introduces additional ultrasonic interfaces that can affect the reliability and performance of these flow meters.

  • Impressive accuracy. Compared to mechanical meters, it has higher extensibility and low flow accuracy, maintaining accuracy in a wide range of applications.
  • Flexible installation. Can be installed permanently or temporarily – a single user can install a clamp meter within an hour as a temporary measurement solution or to verify the accuracy of other meters.
  • Minimal maintenance. Streamlined design with no moving parts, thus lowest maintenance costs and low installation and ownership costs.

How to use ultrasonic flow meter?

Ultrasonic flowmeters are commonly used to measure the velocity of liquids that allow ultrasonic waves to pass through, such as water, molten sulfur, cryogenic liquids, and chemicals. The transfer time design can also be used to measure gas and steam flows. Be careful because fluids that do not pass through ultrasonic energy, such as a variety of pastes, can limit ultrasonic penetration into fluids. In Doppler ultrasonic flowmeters, the opaque flow limits ultrasonic penetration near the tube wall, which can reduce accuracy and/or make the meter impossible to measure. Jet lag ultrasonic flowmeters may not operate when an opaque fluid reduces the ultrasonic wave to the point where the wave cannot reach the receiver.

Applications

  • Oil and gas
  • Water treatment
  • Electric power
  • chemical
  • Food and Drink
  • The pharmaceutical
  • Metals and mining
  • Pulp and paper
  • Power generation

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